An introduction to the better waste management to africa

In determining the status of how waste is managed in a country, there should be an extensive contribution from the institutions, community and societal role play. In Freetown, the rate of municipal waste disposal is on an increase with population growth, style of living and behavior serving as the main factor.

solid waste management in africa pdf

These should make water objects protection a prerequisite and tries to consider a lot of important parameters — local geographical, climatic, infrastructural and other conditions. Multi criteria Decision Analysis MCDA approach is commonly used to solve the landfill site selection problem and provide decision makers the most satisfactory and preferable alternative.

This problem is not only found in developing countries but can also be seen in Moscow regions with improper waste disposal by some households even with the presence of disposable bins. It is rather clear from the analysis that this normally creates the increase in uncontrollable disease outbreak.

These guidelines and policies act as the primary mechanism used to protect the environment and avoid nuisance to the host community.

Waste generation in africa

Examples of waste prevention would include purchasing durable, long-lasting goods and seeking products and packaging that are as free of toxic substances as possible. These guidelines and policies act as the primary mechanism used to protect the environment and avoid nuisance to the host community. The increase in garbage pile-up can be seen throughout the city. While service levels, environmental impacts and costs vary drastically, solid waste management is arguably the most important municipal service and services Hoornweg, Daniel []. Multi criteria Decision Analysis MCDA approach is commonly used to solve the landfill site selection problem and provide decision makers the most satisfactory and preferable alternative. This chapter will also examine E-wastes which is becoming a significant management issue in East African urban centres. Results of analysis is done below in relation to how the people in the residential areas feel about closeness of the dumpsites Fig. According to the World Bank Global of Solid waste, solid waste management is the one thing just about every city government provides for its residents. Another example of insufficient settlement of municipal waste problem is Freetown — the capital of Sierra Leone. Sanitary landfills: multi factorial analysis For many least developed countries sanitary landfills are the only possible way to settle the problem with waste. This calls for efficient collection system to avoid health, aesthetics and environmental impacts.

Introduction This chapter analyses solid waste management trends in East African cities from the colonial time to the present, where the cities have moved from the purely centrally controlled systems monopolised by the urban authorities to the current mixture of both public and private systems in varying combinations, that involve many actors service providers serving the different urban communities.

Based on the concept of Daniel and World Bank, a study was conducted in Freetown, Sierra Leone to figure out the way communities are prone to the closeness of dumpsite to residential areas.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency referred to waste management as 'source reduction—means of reducing waste by not producing it.

An introduction to the better waste management to africa

The increase in garbage pile-up can be seen throughout the city. And in doing this, an action plan system is required in any country for such to be fully implemented either by the government or private institutions. Waste management is one of the most visible urban services whose effectiveness and sustainability serves as an indicator for good local governance, sound municipal management and successful urban reforms. Waste disposable methods like landfills, incineration, recovery and recycling, plasma gasification, composting and waste to energy should serve as different alternative sources ofwaste disposal by the communities with government supervision with skilled training possibilities. This calls for efficient collection system to avoid health, aesthetics and environmental impacts. The Freetown City Council and other private owned institutions are in operation in the city with regards waste management. The principle of the method is to divide the decision problems into smaller more understandable parts, analyze each part separately and then integrate the parts in a logical manner. Examples of waste prevention would include purchasing durable, long-lasting goods and seeking products and packaging that are as free of toxic substances as possible. They complained that the dumpsite is too close to their houses causing them a lot of sicknesses. In halting such problem with regards sanitary landfills, areas for dumping should be chosen well by the appropriate authorities. Furthermore, they argued that their surroundings are smelly and filthy and some of the wastes from the dumpsite overlap their houses causing pollution in the environment []'. The main challenges associated with this transition in solid waste management systems are described and compared among the major cities.

The increase in garbage pile-up can be seen throughout the city. From the chart above, Sankoh et al put it forward that 'household residents, especially those who are closer to the dumpsite are not happy about the location of the dumpsite in their community.

industrial waste in africa

The government and private institutions are immensely contributing to halt the improper disposal of waste with the Freetown city council imposing laws. This impact of waste disposal does not only imply to disease outbreak but can also lead to poor ground water quality.

Solid waste management in developed countries

Due to the changes in the degree of development in any country, it stands to be difficult in the application of a single developmental strategy within the framework of managing waste. It is rather clear from the analysis that this normally creates the increase in uncontrollable disease outbreak. In determining the status of how waste is managed in a country, there should be an extensive contribution from the institutions, community and societal role play. In most developing countries it is the urban authorities that are responsible for waste management. Most households depend on petty trading to generate income. The principle of the method is to divide the decision problems into smaller more understandable parts, analyze each part separately and then integrate the parts in a logical manner. These should be based on state sanitary requirements for waste disposal. This calls for efficient collection system to avoid health, aesthetics and environmental impacts. Nearby residents to dumpsites From the pie chart it is argued that with location of the residential areas to the dumpsites and the improper waste disposable methods that takes place has led to the smelly, dirty and filthy presentations of the areas. Multi criteria Decision Analysis MCDA approach is commonly used to solve the landfill site selection problem and provide decision makers the most satisfactory and preferable alternative. This problem is not only found in developing countries but can also be seen in Moscow regions with improper waste disposal by some households even with the presence of disposable bins. In most cases, the quantity of solid waste generated does not only depend on the living standard and way of behavior of the people but it is also greatly dependent on the abundance of the type of natural resources that are found in that region. The main challenges associated with this transition in solid waste management systems are described and compared among the major cities.
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